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Opening Questions and Prayer

  • During this past year, when were some moments that you were most joyful?

  • Why is it important to find those moments of hope and peace, especially when things seem bleak?

  • Pray and ask the Lord for wisdom as you study the Bible. Ask Him to reveal what it is that you should learn and apply to your life.

Read Exodus 16:1-3

(All scripture is from the NLT unless otherwise noted)

1 Then the whole community of Israel set out from Elim and journeyed into the wilderness of Sin, between Elim and Mount Sinai. They arrived there on the fifteenth day of the second month, one month after leaving the land of Egypt. 2 There, too, the whole community of Israel complained about Moses and Aaron.

3 “If only the Lord had killed us back in Egypt,” they moaned. “There we sat around pots filled with meat and ate all the bread we wanted. But now you have brought us into this wilderness to starve us all to death.”

  • The Lord had just provided a desert oasis for the Israelites a few days before, so why did they doubt Him now?

  • When the Israelites looked back on their time in Egypt what were they focused on?

  • When faced with hardship, why do we have a tendency to look back at other times that may have been just as tough or worse, and say those were good times?

Read Exodus 16:4-12

4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Look, I’m going to rain down food from heaven for you. Each day the people can go out and pick up as much food as they need for that day. I will test them in this to see whether or not they will follow my instructions. 5 On the sixth day they will gather food, and when they prepare it, there will be twice as much as usual.”

6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel, “By evening you will realize it was the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 7 In the morning you will see the glory of the Lord, because he has heard your complaints, which are against him, not against us. What have we done that you should complain about us?” 8 Then Moses added, “The Lord will give you meat to eat in the evening and bread to satisfy you in the morning, for he has heard all your complaints against him. What have we done? Yes, your complaints are against the Lord, not against us.”

9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Announce this to the entire community of Israel: ‘Present yourselves before the Lord, for he has heard your complaining.’” 10 And as Aaron spoke to the whole community of Israel, they looked out toward the wilderness. There they could see the awesome glory of the Lord in the cloud.11 Then the Lord said to Moses, 12 “I have heard the Israelites’ complaints. Now tell them, ‘In the evening you will have meat to eat, and in the morning you will have all the bread you want. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.’”

  • After all the Israelites had seen, why did they still have doubts that it was the Lord who brought them out of Egypt?

  • Why did Moses and Aaron remind the people that their complaint was against God, not them?

  • How is our complaining and grumbling really a complaint against the Lord?

  • What is something you can do before you complain to help you see the situation from God’s perspective?

Read Exodus 16:13-18

13 That evening vast numbers of quail flew in and covered the camp. And the next morning the area around the camp was wet with dew. 14 When the dew evaporated, a flaky substance as fine as frost blanketed the ground. 15 The Israelites were puzzled when they saw it. “What is it?” they asked each other. They had no idea what it was.

And Moses told them, “It is the food the Lord has given you to eat. 16 These are the Lord’s instructions: Each household should gather as much as it needs. Pick up two quarts for each person in your tent.”

17 So the people of Israel did as they were told. Some gathered a lot, some only a little.18 But when they measured it out, everyone had just enough. Those who gathered a lot had nothing left over, and those who gathered only a little had enough. Each family had just what it needed.

  • How did God’s provision for the Israelites help them to know Him better?

  • What are some ways the Lord has given you just what you’ve needed?

  • In times of want, how can you look back on how the Lord has provided and be reminded of His faithfulness to provide just what you’ve needed?

  • What is one way you can thank the Lord for His provision this week?

Read Exodus 16:19-20

19 Then Moses told them, “Do not keep any of it until morning.” 20 But some of them didn’t listen and kept some of it until morning. But by then it was full of maggots and had a terrible smell. Moses was very angry with them.

  • How did the Israelites disobey God’s command about the manna?

  • Why didn’t the Lord want them to collect more than they needed?

  • Does the way you are living show that you trust God or lack trust in Him?

  • What would it look like to have to trust the Lord daily to provide for you?

  • How can you look for His daily provision this week?

Read Exodus 16:21-29

21 After this the people gathered the food morning by morning, each family according to its need. And as the sun became hot, the flakes they had not picked up melted and disappeared. 22 On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much as usual—four quarts for each person instead of two. Then all the leaders of the community came and asked Moses for an explanation. 23 He told them, “This is what the Lord commanded: Tomorrow will be a day of complete rest, a holy Sabbath day set apart for the Lord. So bake or boil as much as you want today, and set aside what is left for tomorrow.”

24 So they put some aside until morning, just as Moses had commanded. And in the morning the leftover food was wholesome and good, without maggots or odor. 25 Moses said, “Eat this food today, for today is a Sabbath day dedicated to the Lord. There will be no food on the ground today. 26 You may gather the food for six days, but the seventh day is the Sabbath. There will be no food on the ground that day.”

27 Some of the people went out anyway on the seventh day, but they found no food. 28 The Lord asked Moses, “How long will these people refuse to obey my commands and instructions? 29 They must realize that the Sabbath is the Lord’s gift to you. That is why he gives you a two-day supply on the sixth day, so there will be enough for two days. On the Sabbath day you must each stay in your place. Do not go out to pick up food on the seventh day.” 30 So the people did not gather any food on the seventh day.

  • Why did the Lord give the people a Sabbath rest?

  • Even on the very first Sabbath, how did some of the Israelites mess it up?

  • Why does the Lord take rest so seriously?

    • See Genesis 2:1-3: 1 So the creation of the heavens and the earth and everything in them was completed. 2 On the seventh day God had finished his work of creation, so he rested from all his work. 3 And God blessed the seventh day and declared it holy, because it was the day when he rested from all his work of creation.

  • What is one way you can rest in the Lord this week?

Read Exodus 16:31-36

31 The Israelites called the food manna. It was white like coriander seed, and it tasted like honey wafers.

32 Then Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: Fill a two-quart container with manna to preserve it for your descendants. Then later generations will be able to see the food I gave you in the wilderness when I set you free from Egypt.”

33 Moses said to Aaron, “Get a jar and fill it with two quarts of manna. Then put it in a sacred place before the Lord to preserve it for all future generations.” 34 Aaron did just as the Lord had commanded Moses. He eventually placed it in the Ark of the Covenant—in front of the stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant. 35 So the people of Israel ate manna for forty years until they arrived at the land where they would settle. They ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

36 The container used to measure the manna was an omer, which was one-tenth of an ephah; it held about two quarts.

  • Why did God want them to preserve some manna?

  • What are some things or people God has placed in your life to remind you of His goodness and provision?

  • What is something you could pass down to the next generation to help them remember God’s goodness, rest, and provision?

    • How will you start that process this week?

Memorize it!

Exodus 16:18 But when they measured it out, everyone had just enough. Those who gathered a lot had nothing left over, and those who gathered only a little had enough. Each family had just what it needed.

Closing thoughts and prayer

It’s very easy to look at our current circumstances and think that we had it better back then. But the Lord provides what we need daily, no matter what our past or present circumstances are. And not only does God provide for our physical needs, He provides for our spiritual needs by giving us rest. Take time this week to rest in the Lord.

Pray and ask for forgiveness for the times you have doubted the Lord’s provision and have not rested in Him appropriately. Ask the Lord to provide for your daily needs, and that He would increase your faith. Finally pray for our nation. Pray that the Lord would bring unity through His people.


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